Welcome to the 1916 Timeline!
This timeline covers all the political and military events that occurred across Europe and the rest of the world during 1916. In this year the name Verdun will be burned into French and German military legend, whilst the USA will come ever closer to joining the war.
President Wilson launches a nationwide whistle-stop campaign to generate support for Preparedness and the Continental Army with three speeches in New York.
The U.S War College Division warns its civilian employees "to engage in no discussion whatever concerning the progress of the European War".
President Wilson delivers his final speech of Preparedness in Saint Louis.
British conscription law goes into effect.
The Battle of Verdun begins as the Germans launch a massive attack against Verdun in what will become the longest battle of the war.
Acting Secretary of War Hugh L. Scott asks United States War College Division if any plans exist in the event "of a complete rupture" with Germany.
Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico.
Pershing starts pursuit of Villa into Mexico.
The French passenger ship, Sussex is torpedoed.
The American naval and military attaches in Paris and London draft a plan for mobilizing US shipping to carry an American army to Europe, but their plan is ignored.
President Wilson, publicly calls for the German's to stop their submarine policy of sinking all ships in enemy waters without warning.
The Easter rebellion starts in Ireland.
Field Marshal Lord Kitchener, the British Secretary of State for War, asks for American military participation in Europe.
British forces surrender to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia.
British forces in Mesopotamia begin advance on Baghdad.
Germany renounces submarine policy.
Canadians troops capture Vimy Ridge.
Britain and France conclude Sykes-Picot agreement.
Battle of Jutland begins between British and German naval forces.
The Italians begin the Trentino Offensive.
Having been the biggest naval battle in history, the battle of Jutland ends without a clear victor.
The National Defense Act authorizes a five-year expansion of US Army, but at the same time drastically limits size and authority of US War Department General Staff.
The Russians launch their Brusilov Offensive against Austro-Hungary in Carpathia.
With British support (led by T.E. Lawrence), Hussein, grand sherif of Mecca, leads an Arab revolt against the Turks in the Hejaz.
Trentino Offensive ends.
Start of the Battle of the Somme, with the British military suffering its greatest number of casualties in a single day, 60,000.
US marines land in Haiti.
The Black Tom Island munitions plant is destroyed by an explosion. It is suspected that it was German sabotage.
Romania enters the war on the Allies side.
Germany suspends U-boat attacks.
Tanks introduced for the first time on the Somme battlefield by the British.
Russia's Brusilov offensive in Carpathia comes to an end, having nearly knocked Austria-Hungary out of the war.
Germany resumes U-boat attacks under search and destroy rules.
Woodrow Wilson is re-elected in the USA with a campaign slogan of "He kept us out of the war".
Battle of the Somme ends.
The First German airplane (as opposed to zeppelin) air-raid is conducted on Britain
US occupation of Santa Domingo proclaimed.
David Lloyd George replaces Asquith as British Prime Minister.
Germany issues peace note suggesting a compromise peace.
German attack on Verdun ends, with the French holding their positions, with great losses to both sides. US President Woodrow Wilson requests statements of war objectives from warring nations in peace note.
Rasputin the self-avowed holy man and confidant to the Russian Tsarina, is murdered by relatives of the Tsar.