This timeline covers
all the political and military events that occurred across Europe
and the rest of the world during 1918. In this year the Germans
launch a final desperate offensive on the Western front designed
to defeat the French and British. However, this is defeated
which forces the Germans to seek an Armistice to end World
Wilson delivers his fourteen points speech to the U.S. Congress.
The U.S. President Woodrow Wilson
makes "Four Principles" speech to Congress.
A separate peace
treaty is signed by Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany,
Austria-Hungary and Turkey) at Brest-Litovsk.
Soviets ratify the
The Ludendorff Offensive
begins with Germany launching its Spring push with the Battle
of Picardy against the British. This will eventually amount
to five major offensives against Allied forces.
Doullens Agreement gives General
Ferdinand Foch "co-ordinating authority" over the
Germany launches second Spring
offensive, the Battle of the Lys, in the British sector of
Foch appointed Commander-in-Chief
of Allied forces on Western Front.
Espionage Act is
German U-boats appear in US waters
for first time.
Third German Spring offensive,
Third Battle of the Aisne, begins in French sector along Chemin
U.S. forces (28th Regiment of
1st Division) are victorious in their first major action, Battle
US 3rd Division captures Bouresches
and southern part of Belleau Wood.
The Germans launch the fourth
Spring offensive, Battle of the Matz, in French sector between
Noyan and Montdider.
The Italians prevail against
Austro-Hungarian forces at the Battle of Piave.
US President Woodrow Wilson agrees
to US intervention in Siberia.
The final phase of great German Spring push, the Second Battle of the Marne, begins. This was to be the last major German offensive on the Western Front.
Former Tsar Nicholas
II, his wife, and children, are murdered by the Bolsheviks.
A French led counterattack smashes into weakened German forces on the Marne, halting the German forward momentum during the Second Battle of the Marne and seizing the initiative for the Allies on the Western Front.
The Italian Piave
Allied intervention begins at
Vladivostok in Siberia.
Haig directs the start of a successful
Amiens offensive, forcing all German troops back to the Hindenburg
Line. Ludendorff calls it a "black day" for the German
American forces attack the Germans as they are in the process of retreating from the St.-Mihiel salient. This was part of a plan designed by General Pershing in which the Americans would break through the German lines and capture the fortified city of Metz.
The British begin an offensive
against Turkish forces in Palestine, the Battle of Megiddo.
The Battle of the Vardar is fought
against the Bugarians by Serb, Czech, Italian, French and British
forces. The Meuse-Argonne offensive begins. this wll be the
final Franco-American offensive of the war.
Haig's forces storm
the Hindenburg Line, breaking through at several points.
Belgian forces launch an offensive
armistice negotiations with the Allies.
Germany and Austria send peace
notes to US President Woodrow Wilson requesting an armistice.
The British begin their advance
to the Sambre and Schledt rivers, taking many German prisoners.
Germany ceases unrestricted submarine
Turkey concludes an armistice
with the Allies.
The German fleet mutinies at
Kiel. Trieste falls to the Allies as Austro-Hungary concludes
Allies accept the
Germany begins negotiations for
an armistice with the Allies in Ferdinand Foch's railway carriage
headquarters at Compiegne.
Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates.
German republic founded
as Kaiser Wilhelm II flees to Holland.
Armistice day as
fighting ceases at 11am - World War I ends. Central Powers
are forced to annul the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.