This timeline covers
all the political and military events that occurred across Europe
and the rest of the world during 1919. With World
War 1 over, the Allies squable between themselves over the terms
of the treaty of versailles, whilst Germany sinks into violence
and chaos as the Freikorps puts down various Communists attempts
to seize power.
a revolt in Berlin.
The revolt by Communists
in Berlin is crushed. German socialist rebels Karl Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg are murdered.
Start of peace negotiations
accepts principle of a League of Nations.
German National Assembly
meets in Weimar.
Draft covenant of
League of Nations completed.
President Wilson arrives at Boston
aboard the George Washington
The campaign against the League
of Nations starts in the US.
The Allies secretly agree to
military intervention in the Russian Civil War.
Founding of Comintern (Third
International) at Moscow.
Admiral Kolchak begins his offensive
against Bolsheviks in Russian Civil War.
Wilson returns to Paris after
a month's absence.
Wilson becomes sick with influenza.
The Allies evacuate Odessa.
Wilson appeals directly to the
Italians in an effort to gain their support for his views on
the peace settlement.
The Italian Premier Orlando walks
out of peace conference over the Fiume issue.
The League of Nations
disposes of German colonies.
Treaty of Versailles
is drafted and submitted to the German delegation.
The German High Seas Fleet is scuttled at Scapa Flow after Rear Admiral Ludvig von Reuter, the officer in command of the 74 interned German Navy ships gives the order, in an attempt to prevent them from from falling into British hands. Nine German sailors are shot dead by the british whilst attempting to scuttle their ships.
Five years after the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serbian Nationalist in Sarejevo, the Treaty of Versailles is signed between the Allies and Germany in Hall of Mirrors at Versailles, officially ending the Great War. The treaty was very harsh on Germany forcing her to accept full responsibility for the the war and pay reparations, give up territories and reduce the army size to just 100,000 men.
The Cenotaph is unveiled in London.
The peace Treaty of St Germain-en-Laye is signed between the Allies and Austria.
President Woodrow Wilson's campaign
for the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles and the League
of Nations ends as he collapses during whistle-stop tour of